Failover Interface Speed for Stateful Links
If you use the failover link as the Stateful Failover link, you should use the fastest Ethernet interface available. If you experience performance problems on that interface, consider dedicating a separate interface for the Stateful Failover interface.
Use the following failover interface speed guidelines for the ASAs:
•Cisco ASA 5510
–Stateful link speed can be 100 Mbps, even though the data interface can operate at 1 Gigabit due to the CPU speed limitation.
•Cisco ASA 5520/5540/5550
–Stateful link speed should match the fastest data link.
•Cisco ASA 5580/5585
–Use only non-management 1 Gigabit ports for the stateful link because management ports have lower performance and cannot meet the performance requirement for Stateful Failover.
For optimum performance when using long distance failover, the latency for the failover link should be less than 10 milliseconds and no more than 250 milliseconds. If latency is more than10 milliseconds, some performance degradation occurs due to retransmission of failover messages.
The ASA supports sharing of failover heartbeat and stateful link, but we recommend using a separate heartbeat link on systems with high Stateful Failover traffic.